Literacy and Educational Standard

The progress of education in earlier times was very slow, as the administration was mainly concerned with the maintenance of law and order. The main agency for propagation of education was therefore the American Baptist Mission, which however, concentrated its activities only in a few areas where it had established its Mission Stations. Until 1911, when only 23 people per thousand were returned as literate, progress was very slow.

Between 1911 and 1951, education in this district made slight though still insufficient progress. According to the 1951 Census, the percentage of literacy in this district was only 7.3% compared to the All-India average of 16%. An upward trend was apparent after independence, the most remarkable progress achieved being in the field of Primary Education. As a result, literacy spread at a faster rate than in the plains, during the 1951-1961 decade.

The increase in literacy has been due to the rapid increase in the number of educational institutions.

Particulars No. of Literates Literacy Rate
Total 260911 67%
Male 140297 72%
Female 120615 63%
Rural 200657 62%
Urban 60254 91%

Educational Institutions in West Garo Hills 2009-2010 ( Govt./Non- Govt./Deficit)

Sl. No. Particulars 2009-2010
Rural Urban Total
1 Pre-Primary 84 13 97
2 Primary 1533 90 1623
3 Middle(Up-Primary) 564 42 606
4 High School 142 35 177
5 Higher Secondary School  26 4 30
  a) Arts 16 3 19
  b) Science 3 3 6
  c) Commerce - - -
6 Colleges 6 9 15
  a)Arts 6 4 10
  b)Science   2 2
  c)Commerce   2 2
  d)BCA & BBA, BSc-IT, Bcom-IS, MSc-IT, MCA, MBA,   1 1
7 Teacher Training Colleges (NTS,DIET)   2 2
8 College for B.Ed   2 2
9 Polytechnic   1 1
10 RVTI   1 1
11 ITI   1 1
12 University ( NEHU) Tura Campus   1 1
13 Home Science College   1 1
14 Law College   1 1
15 Martin Luther Christian University   1 1
16 Harding Theological College   1 1
17 Tura Public School (ICSE)   1 1
18 Kendriya Vidyalaya School, Tura (CBSE)   1 1
19 Navodaya Vidyalaya School, Mahendraganj 1 0 1
  Grand Total 2356 207 2563

In Tura, the district headquarters, there was only one college– the Tura Government College up till 1981. Now there are four colleges, Tura Government College, Don Bosco College, Durama College and Abong Noga College. Two P.G.T. Colleges - College of Teacher Education and Don Bosco Teachers Training College are offering BEd degree to the students. Tura Law College conducts three years integrated course for LLB. There are DIET and Normal Training School for teachers training at Tura.

The high schools in the district are affiliated to Meghalaya Board of School Education except for Tura Public School and Kendriya Vidyalaya, Tura who offer ICSE and CBSE courses respectively. Other than that there exists vocational institutes at Tura like Regional Vocational Training Institute (RVTI) and ITI. Monford Centre for Education also providing education to the physically handicapped children, which also provides training to the teachers to properly equip them to educate the physically handicapped students.

There also exists a Campus of North Eastern Hill University in Tura, where currently the Post Graduate Courses in English, Garo, Education, RDAP (Rural Development & Agricultural Production) and MBA (Masters in Business Administration) are being conducted. The departments also offers PHD degree to the students. More courses are likely to be started shortly.

The Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) also has a study centre at Tura, operating at Tura Government College Compound which imparts distant education in different courses.

There are two Theological Colleges - one St. Peter's Seminary for Roman Catholics and Achick Theological College for Baptists at Baptist Mission Compound.

Vocational/Technical Education

Industrial Training Institute: The Institute was started in May 1964 and meets a vital need of students who are desirous of enrolling for technical courses and qualifying themselves as Electricians, Motor Mechanics, Fitters, Welders, Carpenters etc. by providing them with the training they need. Training is also provided in non-technical skills as Stenography and Typing.

Regional Vocational Training Institute for Women: RVTI for Women offers courses like Dress Making, Beautician Course, Secretarial Practice, Computer Operator, Tourism etc.

College of Home Science: Imparting Home Science education for improving the quality of life at micro, and macro level of the society that includes Human Development, Food Science & Nutrition, Family Resource Management, Clothing & Textiles etc.

Tura Polytechnic: An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Institute is situated at Cherangre, near Tura Public School which is approximately 325 kms away from Shillong. Tura Polytechnic is recognized by All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) and all the diploma courses provided by it is affiliated by Meghalaya State Council for Technical Education (MSCTE), Shillong. Presently it has three departments which are offering three years Diploma courses in Computer Applications, Medical Electronics, Food Processing & Preservation Engg./Tech. They are also running some short term certificate courses.

Training-cum-production Centre

This centre located in Tura, was established on 1st March 1976, as a unit of the department of Social Welfare. It imparts training mainly to the unemployed women of the districts in such skills as Knitting, Embroidery, Tailoring and Weaving.

This centre located in Tura, was established on 1st march 1976, as a unit of the department of Social Welfare. It imparts training mainly to the unemployed women of the districts in such skills as Knitting, Embroidery, Tailoring and Weaving.